Orthodontics is the name given to the branch of dentistry that ensures the control and adaptation of incompatible and crooked teeth.
Situations such as the lower jaw being ahead or behind than it should normally be are treated in orthodontics. Considering the age of the patient, treatment planning is adhered to.
If the patient is an adult, cooperation between orthodontics and surgery is required for the treatment of skeletal disorders. Mouth breathing may be observed due to orthodontic problems.
The face of the person who suffers from mouth breathing remains in V form. Orthodontic treatment is not only an aesthetic concern. Prevention of functional disorders is provided in the future.
Orthodontics is beneficial for conditions such as preventing problems in the jawbone, gum diseases, ensuring chewing functionality, and preventing speech impairment.
Orthodontic treatments are provided depending on why the problems occur. For example, if there is a problem with the jaw, this problem is usually caused by hereditary causes.
The age of the patient should be taken into consideration for treatment planning. For adolescents, orthodontic treatment methods are used if the lower or upper jaw is behind.
Especially those who use false pacifiers in infancy and childhood, those who have nail-biting habits, and those who suck their fingers face orthodontic problems. For people with such habits, treatment should be done as early as possible.
There is no age limit for orthodontic treatment. However, depending on the age and condition of the patient, the duration and planning of the treatment will change.
Orthodontic treatments applied to adults around the world are popular recently. It is possible to avoid aesthetic problems with the use of porcelain brackets.
Orthodontic treatments can be performed during the preparation of the prosthesis to make better prostheses. Thanks to the treatments, it is ensured that the teeth will be suitable for prosthesis. Usually, treatments are completed between 4 and 12 months.
Patients do not feel any pain during orthodontic treatment. However, it is possible to have cheek sores within a day or two after the braces are inserted. These wounds heal spontaneously within an average of 1 week.
The probability of their occurrence again is zero. Cases such as bracket breakage or wire breakage are rarely encountered. In such cases, wounds may occur.
However, these problems are eliminated by the doctor. Patients are given special candles in the first session. A candle is placed in the area where the wire hurts.
In this way, irritation is prevented until the patient goes to the doctor. After the wire is attached, patients may feel a slight ache while eating very hard foods.
One of the most popular application areas of orthodontic treatment is transparent plates. Transparent plaque can be explained as invisible braces. 3D modeling is done on the computer and a personalized plate is prepared.
It is much more effective than traditional braces. Since there is no wire in the patient’s mouth in the treatment of transparent braces, there is no wound or sting.
The person goes through a comfortable treatment process. When the tooth adapts to the plaque, the treatment is successful. With every change of dental transparent plaques, it gradually gets closer to the targeted result.
These plaques should remain on the tooth for an average of 18 hours. In special situations, it may be necessary to remove the plaques for 1-2 hours. In this case, the treatment will not be adversely affected.
When compared to traditional braces treatment, results are obtained in a much shorter time than transparent plaques. It is also an advantage to be more comfortable. Transparent plaque treatment can be applied to people aged 12 and over.
The advantages of using transparent plates in orthodontic treatment can be listed as follows:
There are one or two stages in orthodontic treatment. First, the doctor will examine you. Problems such as incompatibility, congestion, and crooked teeth are detected. The patient is informed about these problems.
During the examination, the doctor checks the patient’s mouth in detail. Then he explains which way can be followed for the treatment of the patient. Orthodontic conditions are provided during the preparation phase.
Hygiene is at the top of these conditions. In orthodontic treatment, it is determined whether there is a bruise in the mouth if any. If there is a bruise, it must be treated. Oral care must be flawless.
Measurements and analyzes are made for planning orthodontic treatment. According to these, treatment options are offered. There are multiple options. These options will vary from patient to patient.
These changes depend on the structure of the mouth, teeth, and jaw. During the decision phase, the specialist conveys what needs to be done to the patient.
Then the treatment phase is started. First, a retractor is attached to the mouth. Thanks to this apparatus, the patient’s mouth is kept open throughout the operation. The doctor’s job will be easier this way.
The application of braces is one of the most commonly used treatments in orthodontic treatment. The tooth can be attached in two different ways. The patient can wear wires by indirect bonding method.
In this method, the teeth are bonded with adhesive brackets. Then, arc wires are passed between them. Finally, the tires must be installed. With the developing technology in orthodontic treatment, these procedures are easier to do.
It is also a reliable method. In the other part of the treatment, the molds of the patient whose mouth measurements are taken before being prepared. Finally, the tooth is attached.
Whether there is a risk in orthodontic treatment depends on the patient. In case of insufficient brushing and excessive sugar consumption, bruise formation may be observed in the bracket and its surroundings.
This is also observed in normal teeth. At first, there will be spots in the form of white dots, then these spots turn brown. Within 8 weeks, they become more obvious.
Problems such as bleeding and inflammation in the gums occur in insufficient tooth brushing. It is necessary to take precautions with the help of an orthodontist. Otherwise, the inflammation spreads to other tissues and the teeth start to swing.
Disorders that require orthodontic treatment can be handled in two classes. The first of these are dental disorders and the other is skeletal disorders.
Examples of dental disorders include gaps, missing and excess teeth, and crooked teeth. Treatment for these diseases is possible at any age. In case of missing teeth, gaps can be closed. Prosthesis is not needed.
Skeletal disorders that require orthodontic treatment are usually related to the jaw. Their treatment is more comprehensive. The treatment time is longer.
It is the ideal time to be treated at the age when growth continues. Surgical procedures will be required in adult age.
Orthodontic disorders can be inherited or acquired. For example, the patient may have received the small jaw structure from the mother and the large tooth structure from the father.
Tools used in orthodontic treatment can be listed as follows:
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