Gastric sleeve surgery is one of the most commonly used surgical interventions today. It is known as stomach reduction surgery among people. With tube stomach surgery, it is ensured that the stomach has a thin structure like a banana.
Approximately 80 percent of the stomach is cut and removed with the closed surgery method, so that food intake of the stomach is restricted.
Gastric sleeve surgery causes a very low level of absorption. People who have gastric sleeve surgery do not have an appetite, insulin resistance is broken.
It is a procedure that takes an average of 1.5 hours and is preferred because of its low risks. It has unwanted side effects but is rare, it is a method with proven effects today and is applied frequently.
It has a history of more than 15 years. Gastric bypass comes at the beginning of its different types, especially people with high body mass index are recommended to prefer the gastric bypass method.
If the person has previously undergone tube gastric surgery but later regained weight, then gastric bypass is recommended.
Gastric Sleeve surgery is not applied to anyone who is overweight. The person must have certain conditions. If the patient’s body mass index is over 40, that is, if he/she falls into the morbidly obese category, gastric sleeve surgery may be performed.
Stomach reduction surgery can be performed on people with a body mass index between 35 and 40 and who have problems such as type 2 diabetes due to obesity.
Although it is thought that sleeve gastrectomy is performed for aesthetic purposes in overweight people, this is not true, surgery is performed to help people with illnesses recover from their illnesses and regain their health. Thanks to this surgery, patients with morbid obesity, which is a fatal condition, can live 10 years longer.
People who want to have a sleeve gastrectomy must be at least 18 and a maximum of 65 years old. To understand whether the person is suitable for sleeve gastrectomy, the body mass index is first checked.
If this value is 35 and above, then the surgery can be performed. The obesity degree and the current disease status of people under the age of 18 are important. In case of a doctor’s decision, it can also be applied to these people.
Gastric sleeve surgery can be performed with the decision of the doctor if the patients over 65 years do not experience problems such as heart diseases and general health conditions.
Revision surgeries can be performed if the patient regains weight after sleeve gastrectomy and if problems such as stenosis and leakage occur.
Revision surgeries are usually performed because of weight gain, if the patient cannot track their weight after the surgery, they will gain weight. Weight gain is seen in approximately 20% of the patients and 30% of them. If patients are to be revised after sleeve gastrectomy, the person to do the procedure should be chosen very well.
Although technically difficult operations are performed by experienced surgeons, they give successful results. Since the number of obesity surgeries has increased, revision surgeries are now performed more frequently.
There are special types of surgery recommended for patients who regain weight such as high blood pressure and diabetes. To choose the most appropriate type of surgery, it is necessary to talk to the patient and evaluate his situation.
Gastric Sleeve surgery procedures are performed with closed technique in mm-level holes, since these are very small incisions, the patient does not feel pain, the patient will only be numb during the operation, there is no pain.
The doctor prescribes painkillers for the pain that may occur after the procedure. Since the procedure for everyone and the pain threshold of everyone is different, some patients can overcome this process without even using painkillers.
The closed surgery method can be performed with the da Vinci robot, that is, robotic surgery. The arms of the robot are used by the doctor and the process is carried out entirely in the presence of experts.
During gastric sleeve surgery, the patient’s abdominal muscles are not cut and the membranes are not harmed. For this reason, the patient does not have a serious pain problem after the operation.
After the operation, the patient usually uses pain relievers, the patient can walk lightly in the evening of the same day. Usually, on the 2nd day, the patient does not feel any pain.
Pressure sensation and tension problems may occur on the first day. However, these problems will also disappear with the use of painkillers.
During this surgery, only mm-level holes are opened, so there is no scar problem. Only a few incision marks may remain in the abdominal area. However, this scar also passes over time and disappears completely after a while.
Thanks to this surgery, patients can lose up to 60 percent of their old weight within 5 years. This method is equally effective when compared to other weight loss methods, gastric bypass.
Absorption disorder is less than other surgery, for this reason, it is important for people who have this surgery to provide additional vitamin and mineral support.
If the patient regains weight after, then gastric surgery is performed, not sleeve gastrectomy, to ensure weight loss again.
The probability of regaining weight after sleeve gastrectomy varies between 5 and 10 percent on average. There is even a possibility of becoming morbidly obese again. Here, the patient must be careful and follow the doctor’s recommendations.
Necessary controls should be made by both the doctor and the patient’s relatives to prevent the patient from gaining weight again. It is useful to follow the patient together with psychologists and dieticians.
This follow-up is provided throughout the life of people who have gastric sleeve surgery. If there is a disease or condition that may cause the patient to gain weight, it is necessary to take early precautions.
There may be some very rare complications in sleeve gastrectomy. Conditions such as bleeding and leakage are seen only in 1 percent. In case of its occurrence, it is necessary to take precautions because it endangers the life of the patient.
In case of these situations, corrective attempts should be given by the surgical team immediately. Gastric sleeve surgery is in the major surgery class, so it is also called major surgical surgery.
As with all other surgeries, there are risks, the higher the age and weight of the patient, the greater the risk the patient will face. It is known that the risks of sleeve gastrectomy are much less when compared with other stomach reduction surgeries.
Experts explain the risks of these surgeries as much as the risks of gallbladder surgeries. Patients are informed comprehensively about the risks of the procedure by the doctors after the procedure.
It is ensured that risks related to health problems are eliminated. Liver fat and kidney disease risks are eliminated. If you are a suitable candidate for sleeve gastrectomy, you can choose this extremely reliable and practical method for your health.
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